Guidelines for Authors

Prepared by the Editorial Committee on the basis of uniform principles for evaluation of scientific journals from 25 November 2011 and 29 May 2013, "Fundamental principles of peer review of publications in journals" and the brochure published by MNiSW (Ministry of Science and Higher Education) titled "Good practices in peer review procedures in sciences" (

  1. In the "Journal of Poznan University of Technology" scientific articles are published. Prior to submitting their work to the Editor, authors should make sure that it meets the basic criteria for scientific accuracy and originality.

    A scientific article is an article that contains the results of original empirical, theoretical, technical or analytical research presenting the current state of knowledge, research methodology, the research process, its results and conclusions, along with the literature cited (references).

    A scientific article contains content grouped into the following sections: Title; List of Authors; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methodology; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgements; References.

    The title of the article should be informative, unambiguous and reflect the content of the article.

    The list of authors includes all persons who significantly contributed to research planning, data collection or interpretation of results and who wrote the article or improved its content and approved its final version, and agree to be responsible for all aspects of the presented work. The authors who contributed the most should be listed first. In addition to authors’ names, the names of the institutions where they currently are or were employed (during the research) must be provided. They should also list the email addresses of all authors so that they may be easily contacted. ORCID for each of the co-authors should also be provided.

    The article abstract should form a concise summary of all sections of the article. It should not refer to figures, tables, or references so that it can be understood in bibliographic databases without looking at the full text. It briefly explains why the study (CONTEXT) was carried out, what question (or questions) were to be answered (OBJECTIVES), how the study was conducted (METHODOLOGY), what was found (RESULTS: key data, relationships) and how it was interpreted and what conclusions were drawn from the conducted study (CONCLUSIONS). The abstract must reflect the content of the article, because for most readers it is the main source of information about the research. An original publication (i.e. an article presenting previously unpublished research results) should have an informative abstract containing specific results. Only review articles, meta-analyses and other articles on a wide-ranging topic should have descriptive abstracts, i.e. listing the most important topics discussed, without specific results. The abstract should contain between 150 and 250 words.

    Keywords. Use all keywords within the abstract to help people find this article in the future. Many online databases only collect titles and abstracts of scientific publications (from 3 to 10 keywords).

    The Introduction should present the overall research problem and present the issues analyzed in the article in detail. It must clearly specify the purpose of the article.
    In addition, it should explain why the research was needed and its aims or the questions to which answers were sought. Starting with the more general problem, the topic should be gradually narrowed down to the specific research issues analyzed in the article. In the introduction, the author refers to the research of other researchers. The APA reference style applies:

    Example 1Authors from various universities believe that skills mean the use of knowledge and know-how to perform tasks and solve problems (Smith, 2015; Brown, 2014)
    Example 2Skills mean the ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems (Smith, 2015, p. 23)
    Example 3Smith (2015), as well as Brown (2014), thinks skills mean the ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to perform tasks and solve problems
    Example 4Smith (2015, p. 23) presents skills as the ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems
    Example 5As follows from art. 7 of the Act of 15 December 2000 on housing cooperatives (Journal of Laws of 2003 No. 119, item 1116, of 2004 No. 19, item 177)

    The methodology section contains a detailed description of how the research was carried out (e.g. research area, the applied data collection methods, research criteria, origin of the analyzed material, sample size, number of measurements, age and sex of the study subjects, research apparatus, data analysis, statistical tests and software, etc.). All factors that may have affected the results should be taken into account.

    Results is the section in which the author discusses the obtained research results. Previously published data should not be included in this section. All figures and tables should be listed in the main part of the article and numbered in the order in which they appear, and a reference to the figure or table should also be made in the text. In addition, the author should ensure that proper statistical analysis methods are used. The data should not be fabricated or distorted, and important data should not be omitted.

    Discussion is the section in which the author presents the answers to the posed research questions (detailed at the end of the introduction) and compares the obtained results with the previously published data in the most objective way possible. The possible limitations of the data should be considered and the key results highlighted. All prior research that does not match the conclusions should be taken into account. The author’s view should be justified based on methodologically sound research.
    At the end of the discussion or in a separate section (e.g. Conclusions), highlight your most important conclusions and the practical application of the presented research.

    Acknowledgements is the section of the article that mentions all the people who significantly contributed to the research, but who cannot be considered authors, and also reveals all sources of funding. The following statement is recommended: "This work was supported by ... (grant number xxxx)". If no special funding was obtained, the following statement should be used: “The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.” The editors should be notified of all conflicts of interest, e.g., financial or personal relationships with the manufacturer or the organization that will benefit from the article. To post previously published materials (e.g. figures), permission from the copyright owner must be granted and they must be mentioned in the description of the illustration or in the acknowledgments. If the author(s) were assisted by a language specialist (e.g. editor or translator) or a statistician, interviewer, etc., then they should be mentioned in the acknowledgements.

    The References is the section of the article in which the author presents all sources used in the publication, and should make sure that the sources of all information taken from other publications are listed. The references must contain all data necessary to find them in the library or on the Internet.
    In the case of publications in a language other than English, the original title should be given (in English transcription style, if transcription is necessary), followed by, if possible, its English translation in square brackets.

    for example: Smith, A.B. (2015). Umiejętności i kompetencje. [Skills and Competences]. Warszawa: PNM Publishing House.

    Avoid citing sources that are inaccessible or unrelated to the topic of the work, or due to someone else’s pressure. Wherever appropriate, it is preferable to refer to source publications instead of review articles.
    Sources of unpublished data should not to be cited in the References.
    The References should be in the APA reference style, in the Latin alphabet only:

    Example 1
    Smith, A.B. (2015). Skills and Competences. New York: Yellow Publishing House.
    Example 2
    Articles in magazines
    Smith, A.B., & Brown, C.D. (2015). Skills and Competences. Competences Review, 54 (3), 123-143.
    Example 3
    Chapter in a book or article in conference materials
    Smith, A.B. (2015). Skills and Competences. In C.D. Brown, (Eds.), Competences and Skills (pp. 123-163). New York: Yellow Publishing House.
    Example 4
    Internet sources
    Smith, A.B., Yellow, E.F., & Brown, C.D. (2015). Skills and Competences. Retrieved from http://zawodowcy .org/doc.asp%=34267
    Example 5
    Work by more than four authors
    White, A.B. et al. (2007). Skills and Competences. New York: FIT Publishing House
    Example 6
    Corporate author (with a known acronym)
    NBP (2017). Financial Report. Warszawa: NBP
    Example 7
    Corporate author (with an unknown acronym)
    Instytut Biznesu Rodzinnego (2016). Report on family enterprises in Poland. Poznań: IBR
    Example 8
    Acts and regulations
    Act from 4 February 1994 on Copyright and Related Rights (consolidated text Journal of Laws of 2006 No. 90, item 631)
    Example 9
    Polish Committee for Standardization: PN-ISO 690: 2002 (Polish). Catalog of Polish Standards. [accessed October 16, 2008].

  2. For the article to be accepted for publication, it must be the result of unpublished studies never previously appearing in any publication. The author should attach to the application a declaration of originality of the work, and of the fact that it is currently not in the process of another publishing procedure.
  3. Articles submitted for publication should meet the following formatting guidelines: Times New Roman font, font size 12, margins of 2.5 cm (top, bottom, right, left).
  4. The acceptable volume of submitted articles should be between 20-40 thousand characters.
  5. Immediately after submission, the article is pre-qualified in terms of its compliance with the journal's profile, scientific and editorial level and the acceptable result of an anti-plagiarism check (15%).
  6. Before submitting an article, the author should make sure that the article:
    - is scientific in nature,
    - has a clear purpose,
    - contains current references,
    - contains Polish and international publications in the references,
    - includes a clearly indicated research method,
    - contains clear conclusions,
    - includes correctly edited and understandable figures and tables,
    - has figures and tables attached in editable files,
    - includes a correctly edited abstract.

    After receiving the electronic version of the article the Editors reserve the right to send it back in case of the article not fulfilling editorial guidelines, until full compliance with the guidelines is achieved.
  7. After initial review, authors other than those from the Poznan University of Technology pay a submission fee (for submitting the article to the publishing procedure). This does not imply a positive review and does not mean acceptance for print.
  8. The content editors qualify the submitted works and, in consultation with the Editor-in-Chief, select reviewers.
  9. Selection of articles for the next issue of the journal is approved in each case by the Scientific Council on the basis of titles and abstracts.
  10. The current composition of the Scientific Council and the list of reviewers are posted on the journal's website.
  11. Each article submitted for publication in JPUT (Organization and Management series) is reviewed by two independent reviewers outside of the organization. Reviewers are selected by the science editors of JPUT; names of reviewers of individual publications (numbers) are not stated.
  12. A principle is followed that at least one of the reviewers of publications in a foreign language is affiliated with an institution operating in a country other than the country of origin of the author.
  13. A model is adopted in which the author(s) and reviewers do not know each other's identity (so-called double-blind review process).
  14. In the case of original works, whose authors have used statistical methods, the article is forwarded to the evaluation of the statistical editor in order to confirm the accuracy of application of these methods.
  15. To ensure the integrity of published articles the Editors employ a barrier to ghostwriting * (to secure originality of scientific publications). Therefore it is requested to disclose in a declaration:
    - The contribution of individual authors in the creation of the publication (with their affiliations and contributions),
    - Source of financing of the publication, contribution of scientific-research institutions, associations and other entities.
    All detected cases of scientific misconduct (ghostwriting and guest authorship) will be unmasked and the relevant parties (institutions employing the authors, scientific societies, associations, scientific editors, etc.) will be informed.
    Editors have the task of documenting all forms of scientific misconduct, especially violations and breaches of ethics enforced in the sciences.

    * "Ghostwriting" is not disclosing the contribution of one of the authors to the creation of the publication or the lack of crediting the author; "Guest authorship" is attributing authorship or co-authorship to a person who has not participated in the creation of the publication or their participation in the work was negligible.
  16. It is permitted for the Editors to send the publication title and abstract to the future reviewer at their request in order to enable their decision on whether they will review and if within the designated deadline.
  17. Each of the reviewers confirms that they accept the publishing ethics guidelines applied by the Journal of Poznan University of Technology (Organization and Management series).
  18. The review must be documented and end with an explicit conclusion on whether the article should be accepted or rejected for publication.
  19. Reviews which are unacceptable clearly do not meet the substantive and formal requirements of scientific reviews, including reviews that are perfunctory, dominated by unsubstantiated criticisms or unsubstantiated praise or lacking a logical connection between the content and the conclusion (i.e., strongly critical reviews, but with a positive conclusion or vice versa).
  20. The basis for acceptance or rejection of the publication is primarily the rating of:
    - originality of the problem,
    - its conformity with the subject of JPUT (Organization and Management series),
    - completeness of the developed topic.
  21. A detailed review form is available on the website.
  22. The content of the reviews is communicated to the author of the submitted publication without disclosing the information of the reviewer. The author is obliged to respond to the comments contained in the reviews, and if necessary - should make the required changes.
  23. After obtaining two positive reviews the article is submitted for evaluation to the language editor.
  24. The comments of the language editor are forwarded to the author, to take into account in the preparation of the article.
  25. Only articles that comply with the comments of the reviewers, the language editor and (if it is necessary) the statistical editor will be published in JPUT (Organization and Management series).
  26. The editors reserve the right to move the article to the next issue of JPUT when the review process and linguistic corrections procedures take a considerably long time.
  27. The initial version of the journal is in print form. Starting from issue 58, articles published in JPUT (Organization and Management series) are also posted on the journal website.

Articles formatting

Texts should be sent in a formatted manner in accordance with the following guidelines of the Publisher only via the "Submit your paper" tab. Please do not include the authors' names in the article file. Please provide this data when uploading to the system.
Article template

Submission fee

Authors who are not members of the Poznań University of Technology pay PLN 500 plus 23% VAT per article.

Please make the transfer to the account:
Poznan University of Technology Faculty of Management Engineering
02 1090 1362 0000 0000 3601 7895
description of the transfer: Fee for the scientific article 'system application number'

The fee does not apply to authors with affiliation with a foreign university.
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